with short rhizomes and flowering stems 16-30cm in height. Basal leaves with three to five obovate, toothed lobes, glaucous to sparingly hairy. Flowers one to three, rich yellow, usually about 3cm across but sometimes more or less, late spring to summer. European Alps, Apennines and Pyrenees, in grassland, open woods, screes and by snow patches. The type plant of a group of allied species spread across the mountains of Europe, e.g. R. gouanii, R. carinthiacus, R. aduncus, R. carpaticus and R. oreophilus. R.m. 'Molten Gold' is 12cm tall, compact, with deep green leaves and freely borne flowers.