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Botanical Description

Bulb with numerous rice-grain bulbils around the lower half. Stem 15-120cm tall. Leaves lanceolate, in one to three whorls of three to five. Flowers up to twelve, broadly bell-shaped, greenish checkered with brown, having a spermatic scent. Tepals 2-4cm long, with a large nectary above the base. Style divided, with recurved branches. Capsule winged. North America from British Columbia to central California, east to Idaho, in scrub, often in heavy but humus-rich soil, up to 1000m. F.a. var. tristulis is a robust variety with stouter stems and larger flowers. In grassy places on cliff tops by the sea in Cahfornia. F.a. var. gracilis, see F. phaeanthera. [Pl.180]