Basically similar to E. asiatica, but with bristly-hairy, matt-green leaves and fragrant, somewhat larger flowers which, in some individuals (seed raised) display their flowers above the leaves. In E. asiatica the flowers are often rather hidden by the foliage. Eastern U.S.A. and adjacent Ontario, in woods and scrub and peaty soils. E.r. var. glabrifolia has the mature leaves hairless. Not quite as easy to please as E. asiatica, needing a site sheltered from freezing winds. Best in areas of winter snow cover.